Their first film, Sortie de l'usine Lumière de Lyon, shot in 1894, is considered the first true motion picture.From the very beginnings of film production, the art of motion pictures grew into full maturity in the "silent era" (1894–1929).
The first projected primary proto-movie was made by Eadweard Muybridge between 18.
Muybridge set up a row of cameras along a racetrack and timed image exposures to capture the many stages of a horse's gallop.
Simulations of movement date as far back as to 1828 and only four years after Paul Roget discovered the phenomenon he called "Persistence of Vision".
Roget showed that when a series of still images are shown at a considerable speed in front of a viewer's eye, the images merge into one registered image that appears to show movement, an optical illusion, since the image is not actually moving.
This experience was further demonstrated through Roget's introduction of the thaumatrope, a device that spun a disk with an image on its surface at a fairly high rate of speed.
The three features necessary for motion pictures to work were "a camera with sufficiently high shutter speed, a filmstrip capable of taking multiple exposures swiftly, and means of projecting the developed images on a screen".
This utilized a glass lens, a shutter and a persistent light source, such as a powerful lantern, to project images from glass slides onto a wall.
These slides were originally hand-painted, but still photographs were used later on after the technological advent of photography in the nineteenth century.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound, especially with no spoken dialogue.